Legal pathways for refugees to Europe: developments and challenges
In 2014, the Juncker Commission made the implementation of legal migration channels for people in need of protection a priority. Five years later, the replacement of irregular and dangerous migration channels by legal and secure pathways to Europe is becoming increasingly pressing. Currently insufficiently exploited, their development is one of the main challenges with regards to migration policy for the new European Commission and Parliament.
How effective are existing complementary pathways for meeting protection needs?
At a time when UNHCR estimates that 1.4 million people are in need of resettlement worldwide, and given the dangerous migration routes, particularly to the European continent, legal pathways to the European Union appear as a way to meet the many protection needs.Read more
Towards a European Union Resettlement Framework?
In response to ever-increasing needs and in order to harmonise Member States’ resettlement procedures, the European Union is seeking to adopt a legal framework in this area. Still under negotiations, the text has raised some concerns.
Community based sponsorship programmes in Europe: what next?Petra Hueck, Director of the International Catholic Migration Commission (ICMC) Europe
"Since 2013, complementary pathways of admission for refugees - in particular community sponsorship programmes - have emerged in Europe as a direct response to the worsening conflict in Syria. This phenomenon reflects the increasing desire of European civil society actors to directly engage in admitting and welcoming refugees into their local communities."
"Humanitarian Corridors guarantee a global, non-technical and humane approach"
Implemented by several faith-based organisations, humanitarian corridors have enabled thousands of people seeking protection to reach Europe. Discussion with Valérie Régnier, the representative of the Community of Sant’Egidio in France, which implement these programmes in several countries.
Growing protection needs: UNHCR unveils its global strategy on resettlement and complementary pathways for refugees
In order to distribute more equitably the responsibility for the reception and support of refugees, UNHCR has presented a new Tree-Year Strategy on Resettlement and Complementary Pathways. The organization plans that by 2028, 3 million refugees will be able to benefit from these legal pathways
"If countries saw benefits for themselves in terms of employment, they would probably engage in forms of resettlement or complementary pathways "
Martin Wagner, Asylum Programme Manager for the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) talks about the challenges of developing skills and qualifications based pathways for refugees, which are among the most under-exploited and difficult to access to legally reach Europe.
Promoting legal access routes for better integrationEuropean Insights wanted to take an in-depth look at legal channels for admission into Europe, which are often discussed but not always defined. The following articles aim to shed light on the required distinctions and common characteristics of these mechanisms, and to identify their strengths and weaknesses.
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Towards a solidarity mechanism for disembarking migrants in the Mediterranean?
Although the actions of search and rescue NGOs continue to create controversy, some European countries are debating the establishment of a solidarity mechanism to distribute survivors.
Criminalisation of NGOs and cooperation with third countries: Italy forges ahead with its “anti-migrant” policy
Since his appointment as Minister of the Interior, Matteo Salvini has made several statements and taken action against migrants and refugees, including strengthening the legal arsenal against humanitarian vessels operating in the Mediterranean and their crews.
Thousands of migrants and refugees trapped in Libya
In light of the increasing clashes in and around Tripoli, the international community has voiced its alarm over the worsening living conditions of migrants, particularly since the bombing of a detention centre in early July.
Frontex: a broader mandate, more resources and greater scope of action
As its forces are deployed for the first time in a third country, Frontex will be granted additional resources and a stronger operational mandate.
EU accused of crimes against humanity for its migration policy
On 3 June, two lawyers filed a complaint with the International Criminal Court against the European Union and its Member States for crimes against humanity committed against migrants in Libya.