The challenge of integrating beneficiaries of international protection in the European Union
Once the stages of reception and processing of their asylum applications have been completed, persons granted refugee status or another form of protection must integrate in their new country of residence. Although the 1951 Geneva Convention and the Common European Asylum System lay the foundations for this, EU Member State governments are putting in place policies with varying degrees of incentives to promote social inclusion of these newcomers in their host societies. What lessons can be drawn from the implementation of integration public policies for beneficiaries of international protection in the Union?
The integration of beneficiaries of international protection in the EU: a national remit with a European scale
With some national welcome systems being saturated since 2015 or more recently with the health crisis, the integration of people who have received protection in the EU is a major challenge for policy makers. Although national governments have competence in this area, the European institutions seek to play a coordinating role in integration.Read more
Beneficiaries of international protection in Europe as political actors in their integration
Since millions of asylum seekers have settled in the EU member states in recent years, the national governments and the EU are now debating which methods to implement to ensure the integration of those who have been granted international protection. But what role do those who are most concerned play in defining these policies?
"Employment is one of the areas where there has been considerable progress in a number of countries"
Led by the Polish Institute of Public Affairs and coordinated by the Migration Policy Group, the "National Integration Evaluation Mechanism" (NIEM) is a transnational research project aimed at promoting the integration of refugees into European societies. It consists in assessing the impact of legislative and policy developments, but also in identifying challenges and good practices in the project partner countries. France terre d'asile is in charge of the evaluation for France.
What momentum from the European Commission for the integration of beneficiaries of international protection?
Since the beginning of its mandate on 1st December 2019, the European Commission chaired by Ursula von der Leyen has displayed great ambitions to facilitate the integration of the growing number of beneficiaries of international protection within the European Union. What are the priorities and perspectives of the new Commission in this field? While integration remains first and foremost under the remit of the Member States, will the means it intends to deploy in this area be up to the challenge?
The integration in the EU, the responsibility of the refugee or the host country?Shaza Al Rihawi, Founding member of the Network for Refugee Voices (NRV), member of the Advisory Board of New Women Connectors and Research Assistant at the Leibniz Institute for Educational Trajectories (LIfBi)
A Syrian refugee living in Germany, Shaza Al Rihawi is deeply involved in the promotion of human rights. She is a member of several refugee rights organizations and is also working on a research project that seeks to analyze the process of integration of young migrants within the education system and society in Germany. She shares with us her views on public policies for the integration of migrants and refugees and the main challenges they face in the EU, especially women.
Why talk about the integration of refugees in "European Insights"?Over the last few decades, the issue of migrant integration has changed a lot in Europe. Each country certainly bears the traces of its history, the successes and failures in the integration of previous generations; and sagas such as that of the "Belloumi family" (Stéphane Beaud) are not the same from one country to another. And yet, we are not able to analyse the fate of immigrants today as Emmanuel Todd did in the 1980s, based on a comparison of integration models for Turks in Germany, Algerians in France or Indians in England.
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Balkan route: new measures to prevent the arrival of asylum seekers
In recent months, the Serbian, Bosnian, Hungarian and Italian governments have introduced several controversial measures to limit illegal arrivals along the Balkan route, through which increasing numbers of people are trying to reach Western Europe.
Destruction of the largest refugee camp in Greece: where does European solidarity stand?
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