Migration through the Mediterranean : which European responses ?
Despite the crossing being dangerous, and in the context of more stringent migration policies in some European countries, the Mediterranean Sea remains a heavily traveled route for migrants wishing to reach Europe. The Mediterranean also remains at the heart of heated debates related to the European responsibility for rescuing migrant vessels and solidarity between Member states. Which actions is the EU currently planning? Is a common response still possible?
Did you know ?
"Migrants who reach Europe via the Mediterranean Sea in 2018 mostly left from Libya and Tunisia and arrived in Italy"
According to UNHCR, the most used migration route to reach Europe via the Mediterranean Sea in 2018 is the so-called “Western route”, connecting Morocco and Spain, with 53 114 arrivals as of October 29, 2018.
In comparison, 26 789 persons arrived in Europe through the Mediterranean via the “Eastern route” (from Turkey to Greece) and 21 880 persons via the “Central route” (from Tunisia and Libya to Italy).
At the same period in 2017, 111 080 migrants had reached Italy via the Central Mediterranean route, 24 139 had reached Greece via the Eastern route and 21 297 had reached Spain via the Western route.