The challenge of integrating beneficiaries of international protection in the European Union
« Persons recognised as refugees receive a residence permit for the same duration regardless of the European Union Member State which granted them the status »
In the European Union, the « Qualification » Directive lays down minimum rules on the duration of residence permits granted to beneficiaries of international protection, which for refugees must be for a minimum of three years and renewable.
Some governments have chosen to follow this minimum standard and limit the validity of the first residence permit for refugees to three years, including Cyprus, Malta, Greece, Poland and Hungary.
Other Member States have opted for a five-year period of residence, such as Spain, Italy, Belgium, Portugal and the Netherlands.
Finally, some countries allow a ten-year period of residence once refugee status has been granted, such as France and Slovenia.