Legal pathways for refugees to Europe: developments and challenges
In 2018, out of every 100 refugees in need of resettlement from a first country of asylum to a third country, how many were actually resettled?
For the year 2018, UNHCR estimated that 1 195 349 people worldwide were in need of resettlement, that is, transferred from a first country of asylum to another State that accepts them. The organization submitted 81 337 cases in the same year, out of which 55 680 actual departures were recorded, or about 5 out of 100 people in need of resettlement.
27 countries have agreed to host resettled persons in 2018, the first being the United States (17 112), the United Kingdom (5 598), France (5 109) and Sweden (4 871). 28 % of those actually transferred benefited from resettlement because they needed legal and/or physical protection, 27 % were survivors or violence and/or torture, 20 % had no durable solution in their country of asylum and 13 % were women and girls at risk.
For the year 2019, UNHCR projects that 1 428 011 people will need to be resettled, an increase of 19,5 % compared to the previous year.